@TheEastAfrican

Oil discoveries in Turkana still to fuel women's emancipation

1 weeks ago, 15:31

By: The Conversation

Turkana is a vast dry, remote county in northwest Kenya, home to around 1.5 million nomadic livestock keepers.

The discovery of commercially viable oil deposits six years ago brought with it great expectations of economic transformation of the historically marginalised area.

The discovery of oil has indeed had major implications for communities in the area. But not all the changes have been positive.

We have been conducting research in Turkana over the past four years with the aim of understanding how the extractive industry affects communities and triggers conflict.

We have done interviews and had group discussions with key decision makers, civil society groups and community members.

The research identified some key challenges. That women weren’t properly represented in decisions made between the oil company and community. And that they were particularly vulnerable to problems brought about by displacement, due to the oil extraction.

Also, the extractive industry has brought a migration of workers, transformed the local economy from livestock-based to cash-based and blocks access to traditional grazing lands.

This matters hugely for the welfare of all Turkana people, the fabric of Turkana society, and, ultimately, the security of the country.

Some local people have benefited from the new opportunities. The oil company has brought a demand for manual labour and local raw materials and developed a small hospitality industry.

It has also provided a few bursaries and classrooms. But many local people face economic exclusion, as well ongoing uncertainty over their land and livelihoods.

The industry is set to expand in the coming years with the construction of a total of 25 wellpads – areas cleared for a drilling rig – that will need pipelines, roads, rail tracks and a central processing facility.

Despite this, the local community have no guarantee that they will benefit from the development of the oil sites. Current legal, policy and institutional frameworks are too weak to protect pastoralists and other indigenous rural communities from losing land to investment and development.

Turkana pastoralists have been showing their frustration by staging a number of demonstrations and have even put up some roadblocks. There have been at least two large-scale demonstrations that have resulted in destruction of property and disruption of the oil company’s operations.

The Turkana are well armed and there is a significant threat that the unrest could escalate into banditry and violence. Earlier research points to the importance of relative deprivation mixed with extraction commodities in causing turmoil – a situation already witnessed in the Niger Delta.

But the impact of the extractive industry is felt particularly acutely by women.

A report by the United Nations notes that “Women face disproportionate risks in their engagements with extractive industries operations including: Harassment, gender-based violence, HIV, and extreme levels of violence in resource-based conflicts.”

There is gender bias at all stages of project activities. Limited by illiteracy, workloads, resources and position, women are even less involved than men in the initial stages of impact assessment and consultation by companies.

Men are the biggest beneficiaries when it comes to salaried jobs and are usually more likely to be the ...
Read More


Category: topnews news oped opinion

Suggested

2 hours ago, 18:34
@StandardMedia - By: Eric Abuga
Raila reveals what has kept him strong and youthful

The veteran politician is a strict fitness and wellness enthusiast. ...

Category: topnews news
2 hours ago, 18:13
@TheStar - By: Dpps @dpps_ke
Ruto, Museveni talk trade, EAC integration in Entebbe

DP William Ruto on Sunday held talks with President Yoweri Museveni at State House in Entebbe, Uganda.The deliberations focused on trade between Kenya and Uganda as well as integration issues in East ...

Category: topnews news
2 hours ago, 18:03
@CITIZENTV - By: Cnn
Why alcohol makes you hungry

If you're like many people, the more you have alcohol, the more you eat. ...

Category: lifestyle topnews news
2 hours ago, 18:00
@CITIZENTV - By: Agnes Amondi
Tusker beat Zoo, move to fifth as Rangers outclass Ulinzi

Tusker, Zoo ...

Category: topnews news sports
3 hours ago, 17:44
@CITIZENTV - By: Victor Bwire
BWIRE: Bribery in the private sector is graft, not economic crime

Globally, the private sector is the supply side of corruption especially through receiving and making payments to gain advantage in business over others. ...

Category: topnews news opinion
13 minutes
@DailyNation - By: Afp
Brighton pile misery on Mourinho's woeful United

Strengthening the heart of his defence was Mourinho's priority. ...

Category: topnews news

@TheEastAfrican

Oil discoveries in Turkana still to fuel women's emancipation

1 weeks ago, 15:31

By: The Conversation

Turkana is a vast dry, remote county in northwest Kenya, home to around 1.5 million nomadic livestock keepers.

The discovery of commercially viable oil deposits six years ago brought with it great expectations of economic transformation of the historically marginalised area.

The discovery of oil has indeed had major implications for communities in the area. But not all the changes have been positive.

We have been conducting research in Turkana over the past four years with the aim of understanding how the extractive industry affects communities and triggers conflict.

We have done interviews and had group discussions with key decision makers, civil society groups and community members.

The research identified some key challenges. That women weren’t properly represented in decisions made between the oil company and community. And that they were particularly vulnerable to problems brought about by displacement, due to the oil extraction.

Also, the extractive industry has brought a migration of workers, transformed the local economy from livestock-based to cash-based and blocks access to traditional grazing lands.

This matters hugely for the welfare of all Turkana people, the fabric of Turkana society, and, ultimately, the security of the country.

Some local people have benefited from the new opportunities. The oil company has brought a demand for manual labour and local raw materials and developed a small hospitality industry.

It has also provided a few bursaries and classrooms. But many local people face economic exclusion, as well ongoing uncertainty over their land and livelihoods.

The industry is set to expand in the coming years with the construction of a total of 25 wellpads – areas cleared for a drilling rig – that will need pipelines, roads, rail tracks and a central processing facility.

Despite this, the local community have no guarantee that they will benefit from the development of the oil sites. Current legal, policy and institutional frameworks are too weak to protect pastoralists and other indigenous rural communities from losing land to investment and development.

Turkana pastoralists have been showing their frustration by staging a number of demonstrations and have even put up some roadblocks. There have been at least two large-scale demonstrations that have resulted in destruction of property and disruption of the oil company’s operations.

The Turkana are well armed and there is a significant threat that the unrest could escalate into banditry and violence. Earlier research points to the importance of relative deprivation mixed with extraction commodities in causing turmoil – a situation already witnessed in the Niger Delta.

But the impact of the extractive industry is felt particularly acutely by women.

A report by the United Nations notes that “Women face disproportionate risks in their engagements with extractive industries operations including: Harassment, gender-based violence, HIV, and extreme levels of violence in resource-based conflicts.”

There is gender bias at all stages of project activities. Limited by illiteracy, workloads, resources and position, women are even less involved than men in the initial stages of impact assessment and consultation by companies.

Men are the biggest beneficiaries when it comes to salaried jobs and are usually more likely to be the ...
Read More

Category: topnews news oped opinion

Suggested

2 hours ago, 18:34
@StandardMedia - By: Eric Abuga
Raila reveals what has kept him strong and youthful

The veteran politician is a strict fitness and wellness enthusiast. ...

Category: topnews news
2 hours ago, 18:13
@TheStar - By: Dpps @dpps_ke
Ruto, Museveni talk trade, EAC integration in Entebbe

DP William Ruto on Sunday held talks with President Yoweri Museveni at State House in Entebbe, Uganda.The deliberations focused on trade between Kenya and Uganda as well as integration issues in East ...

Category: topnews news
2 hours ago, 18:03
@CITIZENTV - By: Cnn
Why alcohol makes you hungry

If you're like many people, the more you have alcohol, the more you eat. ...

Category: lifestyle topnews news
2 hours ago, 18:00
@CITIZENTV - By: Agnes Amondi
Tusker beat Zoo, move to fifth as Rangers outclass Ulinzi

Tusker, Zoo ...

Category: topnews news sports
3 hours ago, 17:44
@CITIZENTV - By: Victor Bwire
BWIRE: Bribery in the private sector is graft, not economic crime

Globally, the private sector is the supply side of corruption especially through receiving and making payments to gain advantage in business over others. ...

Category: topnews news opinion
13 minutes
@DailyNation - By: Afp
Brighton pile misery on Mourinho's woeful United

Strengthening the heart of his defence was Mourinho's priority. ...

Category: topnews news
Our App